The particular mix of foods that the USSR brought together still stands out in the mix of local restaurants found across Russia. The three major cuisines are Caucasian, most often represented by Georgian food, Central Asian, which is most often represented by Uzbek varients, and Ukrainian. While many more can be found if you look, these three dominate the local restaurant scenes. Below, former SRAS students detail some of the places that they’ve tried to sample these cuisines.
Georgian food stands out as some of the best from the former USSR, with unique flavor and texture combinations that, while few have tried before coming abroad, nearly all love. For locals, Georgian restaurants are sure-fire wins for a great meal and, as the restaurant scene has developed across the former Soviet space, Georgian is one cuisine that can be found almost everywhere. You can brief yourself on subject with this list from our friends at Folkways. Then, try the below list of Georgian food places that SRAS students have found to relish in Moscow, Russia.
As our summer program with SRAS came to an end, we celebrated the end of a great experience. SRAS invited us all to a Georgian feast where we ate some of the tastiest food in the city. We talked about what we were eating as we ate it so that we learned even more about Georgian culture.
Dinner started off with mors, which is juice made by boiling berries and adding sugar. As the night went on, we also tried tarkhun – a lemonade made from tarragon that was invented in Georgia. We tried various types of salads, roasted eggplant rolls and three different types of pkhali (spinach, green beans, and beets), an appetizer made of crushed spices, nuts, and vegetables.
Even though we had already stuffed our faces with appetizers, everyone at the table immediately perked up when the main courses arrived. Khachapuri, for instance, is a delicious Georgian dish which consists of cheese and butter (and often other things) baked into bread. Each region of Georgia has its own language and culture and its own version of this simple but wonderful dish. We tried four of them.
Next out of the kitchen came khinkali, a large Georgian dumpling filled with meat. Although khinkali can be made with many types of meat, the most traditional is lamb. That’s the one we had. The proper way to eat khinkali looks pretty funny. The eater is supposed to hold the dumpling at face level, bite the bottom, and suck out all of the juices. That way none of the juices will spill! I learned that the eater is also not supposed to eat the top of a khinkali, which is a tightly wrapped nub of dough. Apparently, if one eats this part of the dumpling, it means that the eater is poor and want to stay poor. If this philosophy is true, I want to stay poor forever because the dough on top is my favorite part! After the last of the khinkali had been eating, we dug into several types of shashlik–marinated meat cooked on skewers over high heat. It was perfect!
Dessert time! We had four types of desserts. We had two that are popular throughout the former USSR and not particularly Georgian: Napoleon, a puff pastry with soft cream; and Smetannik, soft dough cake with strawberries and sour cream frosting. We also had two that were very traditionally Georgian and made from concentrated grape juice: Pelamushi, a traditional Georgian dish that is basically a grape juice pudding; and Churchkhela, nuts dipped in thickened grape juice that is then allowed to harden. Georgia is major grape producing region and grapes play a large roll in their wine culture as well as desserts!
We ended our dinner how the Georgians end theirs–with a few piping hot pots of tea.
This feast was incredible! It was great to learn about food from Georgia, and enjoy a big family-style dinner to wind down the summer.
Сам пришел (Sam Prishyol) is a loose chain of Georgian restaurants. You’ll find them around Moscow, but there is no central website for them and instead they all maintain their own. The one we tried is located about a fifteen minute walk from the Лубянка (Lubyanka) metro station or a ten minute walk from Китай-город (Kitai-gorod) station. It is a one-story wooden restaurant with parking on the left side of the building and a beautiful, outdoor seating area in the back past a small rock archway. The restaurant itself has is quite cozy with wooden walls, potted plants and traditional Georgian-style decor. There is another about a 10-minute walk from the MGIMO dorms for students staying there.
The wait staff at Сам пришел did not speak English and a few businessmen at a table near us giggled when they realized our Russian language skills were sub-par, but our waitress was extremely friendly and she got an English menu for us to look. We ordered Сациви «Традиционный» (Traditional Satsivi), Хачапури аджарская лодочка (Adjarian Boat Khachapuri), Жаркое по-домашнему (Homestyle Roast) and Цыпленок в чесночном соусе (Chicken in Garlic Sauce). Сациви is a traditional Georgian dish served as a cold dipping sauce for bread or as a sauce for meat or fish. Our сациви had tender pieces of chicken mixed in the sauce. Хачапури is another traditional Georgian dish that comes in various styles. Хачапури аджарская лодочка is made by forming bread in the shape of a boat and filling it with cheese before baking it. Once out of the oven, an egg is immediately cracked on top and a little butter is added. The heat from the bread/cheese cooks the egg sunny-side up. When you cut the bread, each bite is a delicious mixture of egg, cheese, and bread. Hunter, my dining partner, and I loved these two dishes.
Soon after we finished the appetizers, we heard a woman and a man sing live music from a small stage in the room next to ours. We didn’t understand the meaning of the song because the lyrics were in Russian, but the tunes made the atmosphere more romantic than before. The next main dish that arrived was the Цыпленок в чесночном соусе, which was simply pan-fried chicken cooked and served with a buttery, milk-garlic sauce. The second main dish was Жаркое по-домашнему, which was pork with baked potato wedges, onions and spices. Both of these dishes were extremely good as well, and the meal left us full and content. The restaurant was definitely not the cheapest I’d tried in Moscow, but my dining partner and I both want to go back at least once during our stay. I enjoyed the experience and would recommend it to anyone wishing to taste traditional Georgian cuisine.
– Meghan Kindy
2. Central Asian
Central Asian cuisine was born of nomadic cultures. The food tends to be meat and grain heavy – reflecting the foods that were easily accessible on the vast steppes and mountains of Central Asia. Horse and lamb are the most traditional meats, although modern restaurants and recepies will also allow for beef and chicken.
You know that feeling you get when you try a new type of food and suddenly become obsessed with it and want to eat it all the time, everyday for the rest of your life? Me too. That type of food for me is Uzbek, and the location from which I derive food to sustain this addiction comes from Чайхона No. 1!
Чайхона No. 1 has a variety of locations across Moscow. The interiors of the restaurants are each uniquely decorated and never fail to achieve a perfect “chill out” atmosphere. Sit back and relax in the pillowed sofas meant to accommodate a large party of friends! At Чайхона No. 1, it is easy to accidentally lose track of time while enjoying the ambiance; but who says that’s a bad thing, especially when one considers the incredible menu.
Let’s start with appetizers. The roots of the restaurant are based in the cultural belief that every part of an animal should be utilized. That being said, horse jerky and cow tongue are actually pretty tasty! I would not suggest that anyone who dislikes squishy textured food order a plateful of cow tongue; however in order to learn about and appreciate Uzbek delicacies, I would highly recommend trying it at least once!
Каурма-лагман (Kaurma Lagman) is to die for. It is noodle dish with explosive flavor from the spices in the thick sauce. The dish is deceptively filling, even after only a few bites! This can be attributed to the thickness of the noodle combined with the large sizes of the cooked vegetables included on the plate. Another dish I would highly recommend is мини-манты (mini-manti). They are similar to dumplings in appearance, but the dough is twisted into a little nub at the top of delicious pocket of meat or vegetable filling. There is also a trick to eating them! Holding the top of a single “Mini Manty,” bite into the bottom part and drink the juice from the inside. You can then proceed to eat the rest of it without spilling all over yourself.
The time has come to discuss my favorite part—dessert. During my time spent in Moscow, I have been lucky enough to try a lot of Чайхона No. 1’s desserts, and I can guarantee that each are as delicious as the next. I’m not proud of this, but once I went to the Чайхона near MGU with some friends solely for the purpose of buying my new favorite type of cake, пахлава домашняя (homemade baklava). Flaky on the outside with a whipped cream center, it’s easily one of the most unforgettable sweets I’ve tasted. Other desserts that I would highly recommend are ли-нон (li-non), which are similar to блини in nature, but with a thicker, crispier outside, and штрудель яблочный (apple strudel), which is essentially a dough pocket filled with apples and sweet syrup—the true ingredients to pure happiness.
After my first trip there, Чайхона No. 1 immediately secured its place in my heart as my favorite restaurant. Experiencing the atmosphere and the traditional foods was a very enlightening experience, and I can’t wait to go again. If I could suggest a calm, more laid-back place to hang out with your friends on the weekends, Чайхона No. 1 is where I would send you first!
– Samantha Barrett
Arbat str. 45/24
Central Asian food seems to be all the rage in Moscow. These restaurants are often decorated with beautiful Central Asian designs and décor, and often have a “hip” theme. There is often hookah served, furniture upholstered in a Central Asian or almost Turkish style. Because Central Asian food is not well-known in the West, you will not be able to easily find this cuisine once you return to the United States. Therefore, while in Moscow, I definitely encourage you to try Central Asian cuisine.
Although Central Asia includes Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, it is the cuisine of the latter that appears to be the most notable. One thing that sets Uzbek cuisine apart from the other Central Asian countries, is the use of spices. Some commonly found in Uzbek dishes are cumin, black pepper, barberry, and coriander. An abundance of delicious fruit grows in Uzbekistan, especially in the summer. Uzbeks often add raisins, apples, dried apricots and other fruits into their savory dishes, adding a well-balanced flavor.
On Staryi Arbat, Vostochnyi Kvartal offers a variety of Central Asian food, including Uzbek, Kyrgyz, Tajik and others. I ordered the plov, a popular dish in Central Asia. It is a rice dish with meat, vegetables, and sometimes fruit in it. This dish I ordered had beef, raisins, and a sort of yellow vegetable I wasn’t familiar with. It was slightly greasy – authentically so, and I thought it was still very good. I loved the raisins in it.
I also ordered lagman. This is a popular Dungan dish. The dungans are a predominantly Muslim people from Eastern China. There are minority Dungan populations in many Central Asian states and Dungan cooking styles have greatly affected food culture across central Asia. Lagman is made of noodles that are traditionally made by hand, a tomato sauce, and vegetables, such as bell peppers and garlic. Just making the noodles can take hours.
My friend ordered the samsa, a pastry that is filled with minced beef, sheep, or even pumpkin. In Central Asia, this is a popular and cheap street food. She also ordered a warm banana dessert with two scoops of ice cream and fruit sauce drizzled over it. We weren’t sure if this was exactly a traditional Central Asian dish, but it was good.
Overall, the food was all very delicious. The lagman in particular, was authentic. I did, however, notice that some of the more exotic dishes, were “westernized” or left off. For example, the Kyrgyz besh barmark, traditionally eaten with the fingers (the name of the dish actually means “fivefingers” to highlight this) was served with cutlery. There was no sheep’s head or intestines (traditional particularly to Kazakhstan) to be found on the menu.
The prices at Vostochnyi Kvartal are often comparable to, if not slightly more expensive than other cafes in the Arbat area. The main reason for the slightly higher cost is likely due to the cuisine’s current popularity. Still, I highly recommend that you take advantage of being in such an ethically diverse region and give this lesser-known food a try.
For group and faculty-led tours, I highly recommend this place. It will provide cultural value and spark conversations about ethnic minorities in Moscow. It is also a great place for groups, and has ample seating inside and on the patio. I saw a sudden crowd of about 35 people come in and they were all taken care of very quickly. You might call ahead and make reservations, though, to be on the safe side.
– Ann Le
Ukrainian food is closely related to other Slavic cuisines like Polish and Russian, but has it’s own specific varients of dishes and taste combinations considered most traditional to that area.
To find Korchma simply come out of the metro and walk down Strastnoi Blvd. Petrovka will be running parallel to that street and Korchma will be one of the first places you’ll see.
Somewhat hidden and having only two small signs designating its location, Korchma has something of an unassuming edifice. The only clue connecting the facade to the festive interior is the man in traditional Ukrainian garb who opens the door for you and says hello with a smile.
The inside of the small restaurant is decorated with loads of pictures, instruments, icons, ivy lining the top of the wooden walls, and countless other pieces of fun little paraphernalia. Our hostess was a boisterous middle-aged woman who loudly welcomes all the patrons with enthusiastic tidings and inquires as to what language menu they would prefer (they apparently have many different languages available). She then sits you down at one of the tables covered in stiff cloths and with napkins stitched with colorful, charming, yet bucolic, earthy embroidery. After a few moments of looking through the novel-length menu, our young, beautiful waitress came over, asked what kind of bread we would like, then just stood there patiently, pen in hand, until we decided what to order.
The whole atmosphere is casual and festive, especially with the bouncy Ukrainian music which perfectly completes the whole aesthetic.
The complimentary bread was served with four individual bowls of seasoned butter for each of us. It was delightfully rich and the perfect way to whet the appetite for the entrees to come. However, as I was eating our delicious Ukrainian black bread with the glorious butter and looking at the menu, I got a little nervous. Most of the plates with substantial portions are four to five hundred rubles. Indeed my friend Julian ordered a salad and a bowl of dumplings with a glass of water and spent well over six hundred rubles (~$20). Not to mention that the cups of tea my friends Kris and Qui Di enjoyed were 140 rubles each.
However, I stuck to my Cheap Eats budget and ordered a plate of chicken wings (320 rubles) with onions, parsley, lemon, and lettuce that came with two of the most amazing sweet/savory sauces I’ve ever had in my life. The chicken was impossibly moist and I don’t think time itself has ever picked bones so clean. The chicken had been cooked in herbs and spices with a squeeze of lemon. The sauce made it even more amazing. Kris had a huge bowl of borsch (170 rubles) and Qui Di decided on a plate of salmon and potatoes (120 rubles), the former of which I tried and really enjoyed…wonderfully fresh and perfectly salted, just as fish should be.
As we finished Qui Di said “good choice,” to our choice of restaurant for the evening and we all agreed with a unanimous thumbs up.
Though perhaps not the place at which to dine two or three times a week, Korchma was the perfect treat after a Saturday of site-seeing. Everyone there was super nice and, as we left, the hostess insisted on taking a picture with Kris and Qui Di (pictured). If you have an afternoon free on a weekend, you have to pay this place a visit. There’s no way you’ll leave disappointed.
– Kyle Mendes